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The Nuham Race
You find yourself in the possession of a number of eggs. When they open, you find that you are faced by 12 living geometric shapes, each with a distinct combination of shape, colour and hand colour. You decide to call them Nuhams. You are in the position of starting Nuham society... but how should you do it?
Timeline 1
You decide to follow the methodology of Iris Marion Young (Justice and the Politics of Difference). As a postmodernist thinker, Iris Young determined that the rights of people involved the fight for their differences. People have more than one difference, and when they clash, they have more determination to fight for them individually. 
The triangles demand their own rights, making sure that the squares and the circles allow them to be triangles; that they will have the same rights as the squares and the circles.
The squares demand their own rights, making sure that the triangles and the circles allow them to be squares; that they will have the same rights as the triangles and the circles.
The circles demand their own rights, making sure that the squares and the triangles allow them to be circles; that they will have the same rights as the squares and the triangles.
The greens demand their own rights, making sure that the reds allow them to be greens; the reds, likewise demand that the greens treat them as reds.
The pink hands demand their own rights, making sure that the blue hands allow them to be pink hands; the blue hands, likewise demand that the pink hands treat them as blue hands.
Now, what kind of society is this? Everyone comes to a conclusion about everyone else, based purely on an aspect of their birth. In return, everyone else does the same. Every Nuham lives their life with an aspect of their birth determining how others will see them. They also use the birth aspects of every other Nuham, when determining how they will treat them.
Ah, but why would that be a problem? Well, let's look at some potential events.
Event 1. A red circle with blue-hands is found to be a thief. All Nuhams feel slightly less love for all of the reds, all of the circles and all of the blue-hands. To varying degrees, obviously. The reds don't feel less love for the reds... they do, however, feel like the greens will expect the reds to be less trustworthy. This is also true of circles and the blue hands. Most especially, however, nobody trusts this red circle with the blue hands.
Event 2. A red triangle with pink-hands is a compassionate Nuham and befriends the red circle with the blue hands, who now likes triangles and pink hands more than it did before. It especially likes this particular red triangle with pink hands. The other compassionate Nuhams also think highly of this red triangle with the pink hands. The non-compassionate Nuhams are another matter entirely.
Event 3. A red triangle with blue-hands, enraged at the theft by the red circle with the blue hands for lowering the opinion of all reds, by all greens... well, it is even more outraged by a red triangle befriending that thief. That thief, after all, had stolen property belonging to it. The red triangle with the blue hands kills both the red circle with the blue hands and the red triangle with the pink-hands. Reds are seen as even more untrustworthy than they already were. The greens, not involved in any of this tragedy, think of themselves as better Nuhams than any of the reds. Apart from the green triangles, who share the same trust-parameters as the red triangle with the pink hands and the red triangle with the blue hands; the murdered and the murderer.
Advance these (and similar) events across a broad period of time. As each generation of Nuhams leaves their egg, they are instilled with the expectations that society has for it. It also knows its own place in that society. all because of the shape of their body and the colour of that body... and their hands. All things that were bestowed at birth, in the absence of choice. All because of the differences; never ignored and never forgotten.
Timeline 2
You decide to follow the methodology of Brian Barry (Culture and Equality), who saw the separation of rights as a totally illiberal thing to do. Surely, when offering people equality, it is important to concentrate on what is equal amongst them, rather than finding, highlighting and fixating on their differences.
Welcome to the Nuham Race... all Nuhams treated as what they are; nothing less and nothing more.
Throw any event in here that you like; the end result will be the same. Nuhams have no expectation of others (or themself) based on their shape, the colour of that shape, nor the colour of their hands. And, just to be clear, this isn't a hippy-style love-in, where all Nuhams love each other. They have the same trials and tribulations as they did before... but with one major difference: a lack of prejudice.
Conclusion
It should (I hope) be obviously clear that the second timeline offers a better society, but in what way can that help us in the real world? Humans have societally evolved with a very clear understanding of how we differ from each other. We are inhabiting our own prejudical timeline.
That does not, however, mean that we are trapped into this way of thinking. It is possible, step by tiny step to discard that deeply-ingrained way of thinking. If we shed ourselves of class-politics, race-politics and gender-politics... we can start treating each other as equals. We can reject our prejudices (both positive and negative) and, instead, treat each other based on who we are - not what we are.
Saying "we are the same" is a much stronger position than saying "we are different".
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Philosophy » The Nuham Race
 
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